Ultra Short Period Planets in K2: SuPerPiG Results for Campaigns 0-5
Adams et al
We analyzed data from Campaigns 0-5 of the K2 mission and report 19 ultra-short period candidate planets with orbital periods of less than 1 day (nine of which have not been previously reported). The planet candidates range from 0.7-16 Earth radii and periods of 4.2-23.5 hours. One candidate (EPIC 203533312, Kp=12.5) is among the shortest-period planet candidates discovered to date, and, if confirmed as a planet, must have a density of at least rho=8.9 g/cm^3 in order to not be tidally disrupted. Four candidates have nominal radius values in the sub-Jovian desert (3-11 R_E, period under 1.5 days) where theoretical models do not favor their long-term stability; the only confirmed planet in this range is in fact thought to be disintegrating (EPIC 201637175). In addition to the planet candidates, we report on EPIC 211152484, which has intermittent transits that are only visible during about half of the observing campaign, and whose true nature is unclear. Based on an assessment of our survey's completeness, we estimate an occurrence rate for ultra short period planets among K2 target stars that is about half that estimated from the Kepler sample, raising questions as to whether the K2 systems are intrinsically different from the Kepler systems, possibly as a result of their different galactic location.