Close-in planets around giant stars. Lack of hot-Jupiters and prevalence of multi-planetary systems
Lillo-Box et al
Extrasolar planets abound in almost any possible configuration. However, until five years ago, there was a lack of planets orbiting closer than 0.5 au to giant or subgiant stars. Since then, recent detections have started to populated this regime by confirming 13 planetary systems. We discuss the properties of these systems in terms of their formation and evolution off the main sequence. Interestingly, we find that 70.0±6.6 % of the planets in this regime are inner components of multiplanetary systems. This value is 4.2σ higher than for main-sequence hosts, which we find to be 42.4±0.1 %. The properties of the known planets seem to indicate that the closest-in planets (a less than 0.06 au) to main-sequence stars are massive (i.e., hot Jupiters) and isolated and that they are subsequently engulfed by their host as it evolves to the red giant branch, leaving only the predominant population of multiplanetary systems in orbits 0.06 less than a less than 0.5 au. We discuss the implications of this emerging observational trend in the context of formation and evolution of hot Jupiters.