A WISE-based search for debris discs amongst M-dwarfs in nearby, young, moving groups
Binks et al
We present a search for debris discs amongst M-dwarf members of nearby, young (5-150 Myr) moving groups (MGs) using infrared (IR) photometry, primarily from the Wide Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). A catalogue of 100 MG M-dwarfs that have suitable WISE data is compiled and 19 of these are found to have significant IR excess emission at 22
μm. Our search is likely to be complete for discs where the ratio of flux from the disc to flux from the star fd/f∗>10−3. The spectral energy distributions are supplemented with 2MASS photometry and data at longer wavelengths and fitted with simple disc models to characterise the IR excesses. There is a bimodal distribution -- twelve targets have W1−W4>3, corresponding to fd/f∗>0.02and are likely to be gas-rich, primordial discs. The remaining seven targets have W1−W4<1( fd/f∗≲10−3) and include three objects with previously known or suspected debris discs and four new debris disc candidates that are all members of the Beta Pic MG. All of the IR excesses are identified in stars that are likely members of MGs with age <30Myr. The detected debris disc frequency falls from 13 to 5 per cent to <7per cent (at 95 per cent confidence) for objects younger or older than 30 Myr respectively. This provides evidence for the evolution of debris discs on this timescale and does not support models where the maximum of debris disc emission occurs much later in lower-mass stars.