Ultraharmonics and Secondary Spiral Wakes Induced by a Planet
Lee et al
We investigate the ultraharmonics response of a protoplanetary disk to an orbiting planet. We find that the multi-armed spiral structure can be excited by the higher-order forcing due to nonlinear mode-coupling. In particular, the preferential excitation of gas response with small azimuthal wavenumber (m∼2) is a direct consequence of mode-coupling among linear waves. The presence of multiple Fourier components in a planet's potential is a distinct feature compared to the previous studies in the context of spiral galaxies, which turns out to be crucial for the generation of ultraharmonics waves. This analysis may shed light on understanding some results regarding the spiral structures excited by a massive planet.