Sunday, November 13, 2016

The circumstellar disk of FS Tau B- A self-consistent model based on observations in the mid-infrared with NACO -


Kirchschlager et al


Protoplanetary disks are a byproduct of the star formation process. In the dense mid-plane of these disks, planetesimals and planets are expected to form. The first step in planet formation is the growth of dust particles from submicrometer-sized grains to macroscopic mm-sized aggregates. The grain growth is accompanied by radial drift and vertical segregation of the particles within the disk. To understand this essential evolutionary step, spatially resolved multi-wavelength observations as well as photometric data are necessary which reflect the properties of both disk and dust. We present the first spatially resolved image obtained with NACO at the VLT in the Lp band of the near edge-on protoplanetary disk FS Tau B. Based on this new image, a previously published Hubble image in H band and the spectral energy distribution from optical to millimeter wavelengths, we derive constraints on the spatial dust distribution and the progress of grain growth. For this purpose we perform a disk modeling using the radiative transfer code MC3D. Radial drift and vertical sedimentation of the dust are not considered. We find a best-fit model which features a disk extending from 2 AU to several hundreds AU with a moderately decreasing surface density and Mdisk = 2.8 × 10−2M⊙. The inclination amounts to i = 80°. Our findings indicate that substantial dust grain growth has taken place and that grains of a size equal to or larger than 1 mm are present in the disk. In conclusion, the parameters describing the vertical density distribution are better constrained than those describing the radial disk structure.

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