Friday, September 25, 2015

51 Eridani has a Wide Orbiting Binary M Dwarf Companion

Dynamical Masses of Young M Dwarfs. I. Masses and Orbital Parameters of GJ 3305 AB, the Wide Binary Companion to the Imaged Exoplanet Host 51 Eri


Montet et al


We combine new high resolution imaging and spectroscopy from Keck/NIRC2, Discovery Channel Telescope/DSSI, and Keck/HIRES with published astrometry and radial velocities to measure individual masses and orbital elements of the GJ 3305 AB system, a young (~20 Myr) M+M binary (unresolved spectral type M0) member of the beta Pictoris moving group comoving with the imaged exoplanet host 51 Eri. We measure a total system mass of 1.10 \pm 0.04 M_sun, a period of 29.16 \pm 0.65$ yr, a semimajor axis of 9.80 \pm 0.15 AU, and an eccentricity of 0.19 \pm 0.02. The primary component has a dynamical mass of 0.65 \pm 0.05 M_sun and the secondary has a mass of 0.44 \pm 0.05 M_sun. The recently updated BHAC15 models are consistent with the masses of both stars to within 1.5 sigma. Given the observed masses the models predict an age of the GJ 3305 AB system of 28 +15/-6 Myr. Based on the the observed system architecture and our dynamical mass measurement, it is unlikely that the orbit of 51 Eri b has been significantly altered by the Kozai-Lidov mechanism.

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