Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Migration and Disturbances in Multiplanetary S Type Circumbinary Systems

Migration into a Companion's Trap: Disruption of Multiplanet Systems in Binaries


Touma et al


Most exoplanetary systems in binary stars are of S--type, and consist of one or more planets orbiting a primary star with a wide binary stellar companion. Gravitational forcing of a single planet by a sufficiently inclined binary orbit can induce large amplitude oscillations of the planet's eccentricity and inclination through the Kozai-Lidov (KL) instability. KL cycling was invoked to explain: the large eccentricities of planetary orbits; the family of close--in hot Jupiters; and the retrograde planetary orbits in eccentric binary systems. However, several kinds of perturbations can quench the KL instability, by inducing fast periapse precessions which stabilize circular orbits of all inclinations: these could be a Jupiter--mass planet, a massive remnant disc or general relativistic precession. Indeed, mutual gravitational perturbations in multiplanet S--type systems can be strong enough to lend a certain dynamical rigidity to their orbital planes. Here we present a new and faster process that is driven by this very agent inhibiting KL cycling. Planetary perturbations enable secular oscillations of planetary eccentricities and inclinations, also called Laplace--Lagrange (LL) eigenmodes. Interactions with a remnant disc of planetesimals can make planets migrate, causing a drift of LL mode periods which can bring one or more LL modes into resonance with binary orbital motion. The results can be dramatic, ranging from excitation of large eccentricities and mutual inclinations to total disruption. Not requiring special physical or initial conditions, binary resonant driving is generic and could have profoundly altered the architecture of many S--type multiplanet systems. It can also weaken the multiplanet occurrence rate in wide binaries, and affect planet formation in close binaries.

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