Effect of dust radial drift on viscous evolution of gaseous disk
Kanagawa et al
The total amount of dust (or "metallicity") and the dust distribution in protoplanetary disks are crucial for planet formation. Dust grains radially drift due to gas--dust friction, and the gas is affected by the feedback from dust grains. We investigate the effects of the feedback from dust grains on the viscous evolution of the gas, taking into account the vertical dust settling. The feedback from the grains pushes the gas outward. When the grains are small and the dust-to-gas mass ratio is much smaller than unity, the radial drift velocity is reduced by the feedback effect but the gas still drifts inward. When the grains are sufficiently large or piled-up, the feedback is so effective that forces the gas flows outward. Although the dust feedback is affected by dust settling, we found that the 2D approximation reasonably reproduces the vertical averaged flux of gas and dust. We also performed the 2D two-fluid hydrodynamic simulations to examine the effect of the feedback from the grains on the evolution of the gas disk. We show that when the feedback is effective, the gas flows outward and the gas density at the region within ∼10 AU is significantly depleted. As a result, the dust-to-gas mass ratio at the inner radii may significantly excess unity, providing the environment where planetesimals are easily formed via, e.g., streaming instability. We also show that a simplified 1D model well reproduces the results of the 2D two-fluid simulations, which would be useful for future studies.