Saturday, January 17, 2015

Halting Exoplanetary Migration in Protoplanetary Disks

Halting Migration: Numerical Calculations of Corotation Torques in the Weakly Nonlinear Regime




Planets in their formative years can migrate due to the influence of gravitational torques in the protoplanetary disk they inhabit. For low-mass planets in an isothermal disk, it is known that there is a strong negative torque on the planet due to its linear perturbation to the disk, causing fast inward migration. The current investigation demonstrates that in these same isothermal disks, for intermediate-mass planets, there is a strong positive nonlinear corotation torque due to the effects of gas being pulled through a gap on horseshoe orbits. For intermediate-mass planets, this positive torque can partially or completely cancel the linear (Type I) torque, leading to slower or outward migration, even in an isothermal disk. The effect is most significant for Super-Earth and Sub-Jovian planets, during the transition from a low-mass linear perturber to a non-linear gap-opening planet, when the planet has opened a so-called 'partial gap'. In this study, numerical calculations of planet-disk interactions calculate these torques explicitly, and scalings are empirically constructed for migration rates in this weakly nonlinear regime. These results find outward migration is possible for planets with masses in the 20 - 100 Earth Mass range.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.