Wednesday, May 18, 2016

A Super-Jupiter Microlens Planet

A Super-Jupiter Microlens Planet Characterized by High-Cadence KMTNet Microlensing Survey Observations


Shin et al


We report the characterization of a massive planet m_p=4.4 +- 1.6 M_jup orbiting an M dwarf host M=0.37 +- 0.14 M_sun at a distance of 0.6 +- 0.3 kpc toward the Galactic bulge, with planet host projected separation a_perp ~ 1.2 AU. The characterization was made possible by the wide-field (4 deg^2) high cadence (6/hr) monitoring of the Korea Microlensing Telescope Network (KMTNet), which had two of its three telescopes in commissioning operations at the time of the planetary anomaly. The source crossing time, t_* ~ 16 min, is among the shortest ever published. The high-cadence, wide-field observations that are the hallmark of KMTNet are the only way to routinely capture such short crossings. High-cadence resolution of short caustic crossings will preferentially lead to mass and distance measurements for the lens. This is because the short crossing time typically implies a nearby lens, which enables the measurement of additional effects (bright lens and/or microlens parallax). When combined with the measured crossing time, these effects can yield complete solutions.

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