Thursday, May 12, 2016

Io Sized Trojans Around hot Jupiters in WASP-12 and HD 189733 Systems

On the ultraviolet anomalies of the WASP-12 and HD 189733 systems: Trojan satellites as a plasma source


Kislyakova et al


We suggest an additional possible plasma source to explain part of the phenomena observed for the transiting hot Jupiters WASP-12b and HD 189733b in their ultraviolet (UV) light curves. In the proposed scenario, material outgasses from the molten surface of Trojan satellites on tadpole orbits near the Lagrange points L4 and L5. We show that the temperature at the orbital location of WASP-12b is high enough to melt the surface of rocky bodies and to form shallow lava oceans on them. In case of WASP-12b, this leads to the release of elements such as Mg and Ca, which are expected to surround the system. The predicted Mg and Ca outgassing rates from two Io-sized WASP-12b Trojans are ≈2.2×1027 s−1 and ≈2.2×1026 s−1, respectively. Trojan outgassing can lead to the apparent lack of emission in Mg{\sc ii}\,h\&k and Ca{\sc ii}\,H\&K line cores of WASP-12. For HD 189733b, the mechanism is only marginally possible due to the lower temperature. This may be one of the reasons that couldn't explain the early ingress of HD 189733b observed in the far-UV (FUV) C{\sc ii} doublet due to absence of carbon within elements outgassed by molten lava. We investigate the long-term stability region of WASP-12b and HD 189733b in case of planar and inclined motion of these satellites and show that unlike the classical exomoons orbiting the planet, Io-sized Trojans can be stable for the whole systems life time.

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