Saturday, December 3, 2016

Faint Warm Debris Disks Around Nearby Bright Stars


Ishihara et al



Debris disks are important observational clues for understanding planetary-system formation process. In particular, faint warm debris disks may be related to late planet formation near 1 AU. A systematic search of faint warm debris disks is necessary to reveal terrestrial planet formation.


Faint warm debris disks show excess emission that peaks at mid-IR wavelengths. Thus we explore debris disks using the AKARI mid-IR all-sky point source catalog (PSC), a product of the second generation unbiased IR all-sky survey.


We investigate IR excess emission for 678 isolated main-sequence stars for which there are 18 micron detections in the AKARI mid-IR all-sky catalog by comparing their fluxes with the predicted fluxes of the photospheres based on optical to near-IR fluxes and model spectra. The near-IR fluxes are first taken from the 2MASS PSC. However, 286 stars with Ks<4 .5="" 1.4="" 1.8="" 14="" 2mass="" accuracy="" accurate="" africa="" and="" applying="" average.="" band="" br="" density="" due="" errors="" filters="" flux="" fluxes="" for="" from="" h="" have="" imager="" improved="" in="" infrared="" irsf="" j="" ks="" large="" m="" measured="" near-ir="" neutral="" on="" our="" phi="" photometry="" sample="" saturation.="" simultaneous="" south="" survey="" telescope="" the="" thus="" to="" unbiased="" we="">

We identified 53 debris-disk candidates including eight new detections from our sample of 678 main-sequence stars. The detection rate of debris disks for this work is ~8%, which is comparable with those in previous works by Spitzer and Herschel.


The importance of this study is the detection of faint warm debris disks around nearby field stars. At least nine objects have a large amount of dust for their ages, which cannot be explained by the conventional steady-state collisional cascade model.

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