Friday, December 16, 2016

The evolving Light Curves of the T2.5 SIMP 0136 & the Uncorrelated Light Curves of the M9 TVLM 513


Croll et al


We present 17 nights of ground-based, near-infrared photometry of the variable L/T transition brown dwarf SIMP J013656.5+093347 and an additional 3 nights of ground-based photometry of the radio-active late M-dwarf TVLM 513-46546. Our TVLM 513-46546 photometry includes 2 nights of simultaneous, multiwavelength, ground-based photometry, in which we detect obvious J-band variability, but do not detect I-band variability of similar amplitude, confirming that the variability of TVLM 513-46546 most likely arises from clouds or aurorae, rather than starspots. Our photometry of SIMP J013656.5+093347 includes 15 nights of J-band photometry that allow us to observe how the variable light curve of this L/T transition brown dwarf evolves from rotation period to rotation period, night-to-night and week-to-week. We estimate the rotation period of SIMP J013656.5+093347 as 2.406 +/- 0.008 hours, and do not find evidence for obvious differential rotation. The peak-to-peak amplitude displayed by SIMP J013656.5+093347 in our light curves evolves from greater than 6% to less than 1% in a matter of days, and the typical timescale for significant evolution of the SIMP J013656.5+093347 light curve appears to be approximately

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