Friday, January 13, 2017

Modelling the environment around five ultracool dwarfs via the radio domain


Metodieva et al


We present the results of a series of short radio observations of six ultracool dwarfs made using the upgraded VLA in S (2--4GHz) and C (4--7GHz) bands. LSR J1835+3259 exhibits a 100 percent right-hand circularly polarised burst which shows intense narrowband features with a fast negative frequency drift of about −30 MHz s−1. They are superimposed on a fainter broadband emission feature with a total duration of about 20 minutes, bandwidth of about 1 GHz, centred at about 3.5 GHz, and a slow positive frequency drift of about 1 MHz s−1. This makes it the first such event detected below 4 GHz and the first one exhibiting both positive and negative frequency drifts. Polarised radio emission is also seen in 2MASS J00361617+1821104 and NLTT 33370, while LP 349-25 and TVLM 513-46546 have unpolarised emission and BRI B0021-0214 was not detected. We can reproduce the main characteristics of the burst from LSR J1835+3259 using a model describing the magnetic field of the dwarf as a tilted dipole. We also analyse the origins of the quiescent radio emission and estimate the required parameters of the magnetic field and energetic electrons. Although our results are non-unique, we find a set of models which agree well with the observations.

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