Friday, July 3, 2015

Refining the Physical Properties of Brown Dwarf Gliese 229B

Physical Properties of Gliese 229B Based on Newly Determined Carbon and Oxygen Abundances of Gliese 229A


Nakajima et al


Recently Tsuji & Nakajima (2914) and Tsuji, Nakajima & Takeda (2015) have developed a method of molecular line spectroscopy of M dwarfs with which Carbon and oxygen abundances are derived respectively from CO and H2O lines in the K band. They applied this method to Gl229A, the primary star of the brown dwarf companion, Gl229B. The derived abundances of Gl229A are logAc=-3.27+/-0.07 and logAo=-3.10+/-0.02, which are close to the classical values of the solar abundances of carbon and oxygen. We generate model spectra of Gl229B for the metallicity of Gl229A as well as for the classical solar metallicity. We find that the differences of the resulting spectra are not so large for the differences of the metallicity of 0.1 dex or so, but we now discuss the spectrum of Gl229B on the basis of the reliable metallicity. From the literature, the lower limit to the age of Gl229A is found to be 0.3Gyr. From the kinematics of Gl229A, we evaluate the upper limit to the age of Gl229A to be 3.0Gyr. The observed and model spectra are compared and goodness of fit is obtained in the range of model parameters, 750

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