Authors:Hiranaka et alAbstract:We examine the hypothesis that the red near-infrared colors of some L dwarfs could be explained by a "dust haze" of small particles in their upper atmospheres. This dust haze would exist in conjunction with the clouds found in dwarfs with more typical colors. We developed a model which uses Mie theory and the Hansen particle size distributions to reproduce the extinction due to the proposed dust haze. We apply our method to 23 young L dwarfs and 23 red field L dwarfs. We constrain the properties of the dust haze including particle size distribution and column density using Markov-Chain Monte Carlo methods. We find that sub-micron range silicate grains reproduce the observed reddening. Current brown dwarf atmosphere models include large grain (1--100~μm) dust clouds but not submicron dust grains. Our results provide a strong proof of concept and motivate a combination of large and small dust grains in brown dwarf atmosphere models.
Friday, October 14, 2016
Dust in the Atmospheres of L Class Brown Dwarfs
Posted by Will Baird at 8:00 AM
Labels: brown dwarf, dust, exoatmosphere, L class, L dwarf
Subscribe to: Post Comments (Atom)
Post a Comment
Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.