Collisions of solid ice in planetesimal formation
Deckers et al
We present collision experiments of centimetre projectiles on to decimetre targets, both made up of solid ice, at velocities of 15–45 m s−1 at an average temperature of Tavg=255.8±0.7KTavg=255.8±0.7K. In these collisions, the centimetre body gets disrupted and part of it sticks to the target. This behaviour can be observed up to an upper threshold, that depends on the projectile size, beyond which there is no mass transfer. In collisions of small particles, as produced by the disruption of the centimetre projectiles, we also find mass transfer to the target. In this way, the larger body can gain mass, although the efficiency of the initial mass transfer is rather low. These collision results can be applied to planetesimal formation near the snowline, where evaporation and condensation is expected to produce solid ice. In free fall collisions at velocities up to about 7 m s−1, we investigated the threshold to fragmentation and coefficient of restitution of centimetre ice spheres.