Transit Timing Variation Measurements of WASP-12b and Qatar-1b: No Evidence for Additional Planets
Collins et al
WASP-12b and Qatar-1b are transiting Hot Jupiters for which previous works have suggested the presence of transit timing variations (TTVs) indicative of additional bodies in these systems---an Earth-mass planet in WASP-12 and a brown-dwarf mass object in Qatar-1. Here, we present 23 new WASP-12b and 18 new Qatar-1b complete (or nearly complete) transit observations. We perform global system fits to all of our lights curves for each system, plus RV and stellar spectroscopic parameters from the literature. The global fits provide refined system parameters and uncertainties for each system, including precise transit center times for each transit. The transit model residuals of the combined and five minute binned light curves have a RMS of 183 and 255 parts per million (ppm) for WASP-12b and Qatar-1b, respectively. Most WASP-12b system parameter values from this work are consistent with values from previous studies, but have ~40-50% smaller uncertainties. Most of the Qatar-1b system parameter values and uncertainties from this work are consistent with values recently reported in the literature. We find no convincing evidence for sinusoidal TTVs with a semi-amplitude of more than ~ 35 s and ~ 25 s in the WASP-12b and Qatar-1b systems, respectively. On the other hand, the data are sparsely sampled and it may be possible that short period, low level, or non-sinusoidal TTV signals are lurking in the data.