Thursday, January 21, 2016

DEdicated MONitor of EXotransits (DEMONEX) Observes Seven Transits of Hot Jupiter XO-4b

The DEdicated MONitor of EXotransits (DEMONEX): Seven Transits of XO-4b


Villaneuva et al


The DEdicated MONitor of EXotransits (DEMONEX) was a 20 inch robotic and automated telescope to monitor bright stars hosting transiting exoplanets to discover new planets and improve constraints on the properties of known transiting planetary systems. We present results for the misaligned hot Jupiter XO-4b containing 7 new transits from the DEMONEX telescope, including 3 full and 4 partial transits. We combine these data with archival light curves and archival radial velocity measurements to derive the host star mass M∗=1.293+0.030−0.029M⊙ and radius R∗=1.554+0.042−0.030R⊙ as well as the planet mass MP=1.615+0.10−0.099MJ and radius RP=1.317+0.040−0.029RJ and a refined ephemeris of P=4.1250687±0.0000024 days and T0=2454758.18978±0.00024BJDTDB. We include archival Rossiter-McLaughlin measurements of XO-4 to infer the stellar spin-planetary orbit alignment λ=−40.0+8.8−7.5 degrees.

We test the effects of including various detrend parameters, theoretical and empirical mass-radius relations, and Rossiter-McLaughlin models. We infer that detrending against CCD position and time or airmass can improve data quality, but can have significant effects on the inferred values of many parameters --- most significantly RP/R∗ and the observed central transit times TC. In the case of RP/R∗ we find that the systematic uncertainty due to detrending can be three times that of the quoted statistical uncertainties. The choice of mass-radius relation has little effect on our inferred values of the system parameters. The choice of Rossiter-McLaughlin models can have significant effects of the inferred values of vsinI∗ and the stellar spin-planet orbit angle λ.

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