Friday, August 11, 2017

OGLE-2014-BLG-1112LB: A new Brown Dwarf Detected Through Microlensing

OGLE-2014-BLG-1112LB: A Microlensing Brown Dwarf Detected Through the Channel of a Gravitational Binary-Lens Event
Han et al 
Due to the nature depending on only the gravitational field, microlensing, in principle, provides an important tool to detect faint and even dark brown dwarfs. However, the number of identified brown dwarfs is limited due to the difficulty of the lens mass measurement that is needed to check the substellar nature of the lensing object. In this work, we report a microlensing brown dwarf discovered from the analysis of the gravitational binary-lens event OGLE-2014-BLG-1112. We identify the brown-dwarf nature of the lens companion by measuring the lens mass from the detections of both microlens-parallax and finite-source effects. We find that the companion has a mass of (3.03±0.78)×10−2 M⊙ and it is orbiting a solar-type primary star with a mass of 1.07±0.28 M⊙. The estimated projected separation between the lens components is 9.63±1.33 au and the distance to the lens is 4.84±0.67 kpc. We discuss the usefulness of space-based microlensing observations in detecting brown dwarfs through the channel of binary-lens events.

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