Thursday, August 10, 2017

Where do Gas Giants With Orbits Less Than 100 Days Originate?

The origin of the occurrence rate profile of gas giants inside 100 days 


Ali-Dib et al

We investigate the origin of the period distribution of giant planets. We fit the bias-corrected distribution of gas-giant planets inside 300 days found by Santerne et al. (2016) using a planet formation model based on pebble accretion. We investigate two possible initial conditions: a linear distribution of planetary seeds, and seeds injected exclusively on the water and CO icelines. Our simulations exclude the linear initial distribution of seeds with a high degree of confidence. Our bimodal model based on snowlines give a more reasonable fit to the data, with the discrepancies reducing significantly if we assume the water snowline to be a factor 3-10 less efficient at producing planets. This model moreover performs better on both the warm/hot Jupiters ratio and a Gaussian mixture model as comparison criteria. Our results hint that the gas-giant exoplanets population inside 300 days is more compatible with planets forming preferentially at special locations.

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